Ukraine gained independency following the collapse associated with the Soviet Union in 1991 and has since veered between seeking closer integration with Western Europe being drawn in to the orbit of Russia, which views its passions as threatened by a Western-leaning Ukraine.
European countries’s second country that is largest, Ukraine is a land of wide, fertile agricultural plains, with big pouches of hefty industry into the eastern.
While Ukraine and Russia share typical historic origins, the western associated with country has closer ties having its European neighbors, especially Poland, and nationalist sentiment is strongest there.
A minority that is significant of populace uses Russian as the very very first language, especially in the towns and cities together with industrialised eastern.
An uprising against pro-Russian President Viktor Yanukovych in 2014 ushered in a government that is western-leaning but Russia utilized the opportunity to seize the Crimean peninsula and supply insurgent groups to occupy components of the industrialised eastern of Ukraine.
- Read more country profiles – pages by BBC Monitoring
Population 44.9 million
Area 603,700 km that is sq233,090 sq kilometers)
Major languages Ukrainian (official), Russian
Major faith Christianity
Endurance 64 years (males), 75 years (females)
President: Volodymyr Zelensky
Mr Zelensky’s initial claim to popularity was playing a tv comedy programme, along with his victorious election campaign emphasised content-light social networking videos over conventional rallies and policy speeches.
Their message had been, that way of their television character, pitched against corruption as well as the energy of oligarchs, but Mr Zelensky himself has near ties to Ihor Kolomoisky, whom owns the 1+1 channel that their show seems on.
Mr Kolomoisky, whom dropped down with all the then President Petro Poroshenko in 2015, happens to be residing abroad as a result of many investigations into their company transactions in the home, and offered the inbound president strong support during the election campaign.
In their inaugural target, President Zelensky stated ending the Russian-backed insurgency in the eastern of this country could be their concern.
Their Servant of those celebration proceeded to win very early parliamentary elections in July, offering President Zelensky control over both the professional together with legislature.
Nationwide news have actually adopted a united agenda that is patriotic the Russian annexation of Crimea together with armed conflict within the eastern.
Ukraine has prohibited relays of leading Russian TVs; in change, areas under Russian or control that is separatist seen pro-Kyiv outlets silenced.
The authorities also block usage of some popular Russian sites and social networking sites.
Television dominates the news landscape, and major commercial systems will be the outlets that are leading.
Numerous magazines Ukrainian that is publish and editions.
Some dates that are key Ukraine’s history:
1918 – Ukraine declares freedom after Russian Revolution.
1921 – Soviet guideline founded as Russian Red Army conquers two-thirds of Ukraine.
1932 – at the least seven million peasants perish in man-made famine during Stalin’s collectivisation campaign.
1941-44 – Ukraine suffers wartime that is terrible during Nazis career.
1945 – Allied triumph in 2nd World War contributes to conclusive Soviet annexation of western Ukrainian lands.
1986 – A reactor in the Chernobyl nuclear energy section explodes, delivering a radioactive plume across European countries.
1991 – since the Soviet Union heads towards dissolution, Ukraine declares freedom.
2004 – Orange Revolution mass protests force pro-European modification of federal government.
2014 February – Maidan Revolution ousts government that is pro-Kremlin stalled eu relationship deal. Russia afterwards seizes Crimean peninsula and launches insurgency to occupy areas of eastern Ukraine.
2019 April – Volodymyr Zelensky, a comedian and star without any experience that is previous politics, wins presidential election run-off in a landslide success.